Peace-Building and Political Transition

Peace-building and political transition are fundamentally “endogenous” processes, meaning that local people will drive the ultimate outcome. As an external partner, we help them succeed by enhancing broad participation in the transition, providing financial and technical assistance, and promoting best-fit approaches.

Because constructive state-society relations are critical to building legitimate states that deliver for their citizens and promote long-term peace, we support solutions that empower the state, when appropriate, and encourage state-society relations. We work with local partners to achieve five interrelated objectives that strengthen state-society relations:

  • Addressing the root causes of violent conflict
  • Supporting local conflict management mechanisms
  • Promoting inclusive political processes
  • Improving the core functions of responsible states
  • Responding to public expectations and needs

Our work depends upon the level of fragility that prevails within the state and its institutions—ranging from corruption and deteriorating governance to ongoing violent conflict, post-conflict or political transition, and gradual improvement. We analyze the factors—across all sectors—that generate conflict and map the interplay among power brokers, civil society, and the private sector. We examine the potential drivers of instability such as the proliferation of small arms, human trafficking, land tenure issues, competition for natural resources, and unequal access to political power. We analyze the trajectory of a transition and the internal and external stresses. We seek to understand the level of institutional capacity, accountability, and inclusion, and how key stakeholders can build confidence and transform institutions. We identify disincentives to stability and potential spoilers.

We then translate this analysis into solutions through participatory planning and community decision-making tools that help local partners prioritize needs and solve problems. We propose pragmatic options, rather than conventional best-practice solutions that may not suit local dynamics. We consider the long-term impact that short-term activities may have on state-building and development prospects, balancing the need to deliver visible benefits with the need to lay the foundation for durable peace.

Our Experts


Brenda Barrett has supported political stabilization and peace-building programs in 25 countries.

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Peter Dimitroff holds more than 20 years of international development and project management experience, primarily in the Middle East and Afghanistan and focusing on anti-corruption, budget transparency, legislative strengthening, and women’s empowerment.

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Adam Fivenson works to make interventions more efficient and more effective by introducing new technologies that help citizens report corruption, monitor biodiversity, access markets, and adapt to climate change.

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Nandi Hall is a Principal Project Manager with more than 15 years of experience working in international development in both the private and nongovernmental sector.

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Harris Khalique is an internationally recognized civil society leader with more than 20 years of professional and voluntary work with civil society organizations with a focus on human rights and community development. He has held senior management and advisory positions with national and international nongovernmental organizations and civil society networks.

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Tine Knott is the Vice President of the Center for Secure and Stable States where she provides strategic leadership of DAI’s work in fragile states.

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Mosharraf Zaidi is the Team Leader for the Transforming Education in Pakistan programme and Campaign Director for Alif Ailaan, a political campaign to help end Pakistan’s education crisis.

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Our Projects


Afghanistan—Musharikat

Musharikat supports USAID Afghanistan’s investments in women’s rights groups and activists.

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Afghanistan—Strong Hubs for Afghan Hope and Resilience (SHAHAR)

SHAHAR is helping create well-governed, fiscally sustainable Afghan municipalities capable of meeting the needs of growing urban populations.

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Honduras—Unidos por la Justicia (United for Justice)

The Unidos por la Justicia (United for Justice) program works with local partners to improve citizen engagement with the security and justice sectors; enhance the efficiency of the judicial system; and increase the effectiveness of community police.

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Liberia—Accountability and Voice Initiative (LAVI)

The Liberia Accountability and Voice Initiative is improving the citizen-state relationship in Liberia by supporting coalitions and advocacy campaigns that promote public sector accountability.

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Nigeria—State Partnership for Accountable, Responsive, and Capable Government (SPARC); Accountable, Responsive, and Capable Government(ARC)

The Accountable, Responsive, and Capable Government (ARC) programme supports the Nigerian government in more effectively managing resources and providing more responsive and accountable services to its citizens.

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Pakistan—Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governance Program (KPG)

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governance Program (KPG) assists the provincial government and civil society organizations to improve local government service and better serve citizens.

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Zimbabwe—Transparency, Responsiveness, Accountability, and Citizen Engagement (TRACE) Fund

Now might be the time for Zimbabwe improve on its record of access to justice, human rights, and responsiveness to citizens’ needs.

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