Jordan—Public Financial Management and Administration (PFMA)

Client: U.S. Agency for International Development

Duration: 2021-2026

Region: Middle East and North Africa

Country: Jordan

Solutions: Governance

Jordan’s economy has experienced a series of shocks—from waves of refugees to regional instability to COVID-19. While the Government of Jordan has introduced new tax legislation and sought to improve tax administration, upgrade the budgeting process, and streamline public expenditures management, there is still much work to be done to ensure macro-fiscal resilience while maintaining the fiscal space to deliver social goods to citizens. To support the government with this fiscal imperative, the U.S. Agency for International Development designed the Public Financial Management and Administration (PFMA) activity. PFMA works to improve the Jordanian revenue system and enhance the budget management process.

PFMA builds the capacity of the Jordanian Ministry of Finance and other government institutions to modernize the revenue collection system, encourage compliance—including making it easier for taxpayers to comply with tax obligations—upgrade public procurement management, and improve budget planning, preparation, and execution.

We work with and through local systems while thinking and working politically. Our assistance is informed by an analysis of the political economy of the PFM ecosystem in Jordan. Central to our implementation methodology is the concept of change management—structured tools to assist government officials to make the personal and institutional transition from the status quo to new ways of doing business.

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Sample Activities

  • Build capacity within the Studies and Economic Policies Directorate to better utilize their revenue impact model to inform adaptations and fiscal responses to the COVID-19 crisis and deepen economic policy analysis capabilities overall.
  • Streamline the budget management process.
  • Undertake select tax studies focused on tax base broadening and revenue mobilization impact.
  • Develop and implement an electronic revenue management system.
  • Strengthen the preparation of results-oriented budgets.
  • Strengthen audit processes and procedures.

Select Results

  • Developed new, user-friendly tools, including a series of tailored dashboards to visualize budgetary information and data mining tools to assist the search for information. These tools allow stakeholders, depending on their authority, to access the needed information in a timely way.
  • Assisted the Government of Jordan in launching the Government Unit Portal, which makes reporting easier and more efficient for 25 government units that comprise of different state-owned and semi-governmental agencies. A more efficient reporting system means that the Ministry of Finance and General Budgeting Department have a clearer picture of the budgetary situation of the whole government, allowing them to make better decisions and allocate scarce public resources more efficiently. PFMA conducted site visits and workshops and trained 125 government staff for more than 1,000 hours in preparation for the launch of the system.
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