Bosnia and Herzegovina—Fiscal Reform Activity

Client: U.S. Agency for International Development

Duration: 2023-2028

Region: Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Solutions: Governance

Despite Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (BiH’s) advancements in fiscal sector reform, direct taxes remain burdensome due to complex legal and institutional arrangements across tax administrations. The U.S. Agency for International Development has designed the Fiscal Reform Activity to enhance tax legislation and tax administration efficiency, reducing tax compliance burdens and costs, and aligning the country’s regulatory framework with international tax standards.

The Fiscal Reform Activity in Bosnia and Herzegovina builds on recent fiscal sector reform in a way that increases efficiency, reduces tax compliance costs, and aligns the country’s regulatory framework with changes in the European and international tax environment.

AdobeStock_373576891.jpegPhoto: Adobe stock image.

Sample Activities

  • Produce analysis, reports, and recommendations for the various tax administrations and ministries of finance that make up Bosnia and Herzegovina’s complex fiscal landscape: the Tax Administration in the Republic of Srpska, Tax Administration in Brcko District, Ministry of Finance for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Srpska, the Directorate of Finance of Brcko District, and the State-level Ministry of Finance.
  • Implement the recommendations arising from those reports and analyses.
  • Improve the operational efficiency, efficacy, and capacity of the three tax administrations and the ministries of finance.
  • Improve the legislative framework for direct taxation.
  • Reduce the number of parafiscal fees, which are taxes or duties on a specific product or service, usually paid to a public authority other than the tax authority.
  • Recommend and support the implementation of digital solutions to improve tax authorities’ performance and taxpayer services.
  • Support the adoption of base erosion and profit shifting tax planning strategies to improve tax collection and adhere to international standards.
  • Support tax authorities to improve the fiscal ecosystem to diminish the high compliance costs that have a negative impact on the business environment.


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