European Neighbourhood Policy East Countries—Clima East: Support to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Client: European Union

Duration: 2012-2017

Region: Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Country: Regional

Solutions: Environment Governance

The countries of the ENP East region—Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine are signatories of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol, and as such have a number of obligations. The Clima East programme helped integrate the countries’ climate change strategies, greenhouse gases mitigation plans and adaptation approaches, with activities carried out across the region. The programme was part of a larger Clima East package that supported the development of ecosystems-based approaches to climate change.


Sample Activities

  • Establish a detailed position on climate change, and fully engage in international climate change negotiations.
  • Organise regional training workshops around climate change mitigation and adaptation.
  • Disseminate information and knowledge on EU acquis, or accumulated legislation, legal acts, and court decisions that constitute the body of European Union law.
  • Plan study missions to Brussels and EU member states and send EU experts to the partner countries.
  • Evaluate the environmental and economic effectiveness of existing and proposed policies, strategies, and market-based mechanisms.
  • Support national stakeholder consultations, policy-making, and draft national strategies.

Select Results

  • Increased understanding of the EU Climate Change and energy acquis and the 20/20/20 agenda.
  • Responsible public institutions will competently address the Kyoto- and post-Kyoto regime under the UNFCCC, and be strengthened to comply with regulations.
  • Developed state-of-the-art national climate change mitigation and adaptation policies.
  • Increased capacity for climate change vulnerability and impact assessments and for adaptation planning.
  • Prepared national and/or regional emissions trading schemes.
  • Progress made in elaboration of low carbon/low emissions development strategies.


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