Tajikistan—Support to Parliamentary Oversight of the Public Financial Management Process in the Tajikistan Parliament (SPFM)

Client: U.K. Department for International Development

Duration: 2015-2020

Region: Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Country: Tajikistan

Solutions: Governance

In the 2000s, Tajikistan experienced steady growth and poverty reduction after a decade of civil war. Nonetheless, as the global financial crisis of 2008 slowed things down and the country saw a drop of 35 percent in remittance flows—a key source of income.

The Government of Tajikistan set out a new public finance management (PFM) reform strategy, an ambitious agenda closely tied to the country’s development strategies. The 2030 National Development Strategy reinforced calls for deeper PFM reforms, while the 2020 Mid-Term Development Programme emphasised the need to strengthen parliamentary oversight of the sector. The importance of ensuring robust scrutiny was as vital as ever.

The SPFM programme therefore came at a crucial time in supporting the national parliament, and specifically its Economics and Finance Committee (EFC), to enhance its role. When functioning effectively, parliament is a key part of the governance framework, operating at the intersection of citizen-state and executive-legislature relations, and providing a mechanism of checks and balances. SPFM, funded by the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), is strengthening the Tajikistan Parliament’s ability to fulfill its oversight responsibilities more effectively, efficiently, and accountably with regard to the management of public finances. The programme is one component of a wider portfolio of support provided by DFID and the World Bank to Tajikistan on PFM.

Sample Activities

  • Train and support the EFC and other parliamentary committees to improve their capacity to conduct financial oversight.
  • Mentor the Secretariat to produce quality evidence-based research and analysis to support the EFC in carrying out its functions.
  • Work with civil society and media partners to implement citizen engagement mechanisms to improve parliamentary transparency and responsiveness.
  • Support broader engagement by DFID and the World Bank with the Tajik government on financial oversight and revenue management.

Select Results

  • Introduced key parliamentary oversight and outreach practices including: parliamentary committee hearings, parliamentary questions, constituency meetings, and public field hearings.
  • Conducted extensive analysis on the execution of the 2016–2019 national budgets, with recommendations being taken on board by the Ministry of Finance.
  • Contributed legislative amendments to Tajikistan’s Tax Code, the reform of which was approved by the President of the Republic of Tajikistan in February 2018.
  • Established a formal peer-to-peer partnership between the Latvian Supreme Audit Office and the Tajik Chamber of Accounts for exchange of best practices.
  • Facilitated a mentoring secondment between the U.K. Office for Budget Responsibility and the EFC Secretariat.
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