Kenya—Integrated Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (KIWASH)

Client: U.S. Agency for International Development

Duration: 2015-2020

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Country: Kenya

Solutions: Environment and Energy Global Health

By combining nutrition programming with improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), the U.S. Agency for International Development has designed the Kenya Integrated Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (KIWASH). KIWASH aims to enable more than 1 million Kenyans across nine counties to gain access to improved WASH services and assist households in gaining access to irrigation and nutrition services.

As county governments take on responsibility for investment in and oversight of service delivery to keep their constituents healthy—and their economies thriving—there is great opportunity to expand service delivery through public-private partnerships that bring new actors into the WASH sector. KIWASH will partner with water and sanitation service providers to develop bankable business plans, improve operations, and facilitate access to financing. In parallel, behavior change communication activities linked to Community-Led Total Sanitation and hygiene will stimulate demand for improved household sanitation, hygiene, and nutrition. Our target counties are Busia, Kakamega, Kisumu, Kitui, Makueni, Migori, Nairobi, Nyamira, and Siaya.

Sample Activities

  • Assist water service providers (WSPs) to improve service delivery and business operations.
  • Facilitate access to financing for WSPs and WASH enterprises.
  • Ensure women have equal access to the opportunities created by KIWASH activities.
  • Support achievement of the Government of Kenya’s Community-Led Total Sanitation targets.
  • Incubate private sector WASH enterprises to develop innovative products and approaches.
  • Integrate WASH and nutrition best practices into Kenyan health services delivery.

Select Results

  • Provided training to 82 WASH enterprises on water sector reforms and rights to water access, basic computer skills, business planning, and strategic marketing, accompanied by on-the-job coaching and mentoring to help enterprises improve access to WASH services for targeted communities.
  • Extended basic drinking water services to 430,000 people. Another 57,000 gained access to basic sanitation services with 669 villages verified open-defecation free with monitoring plans in place through 2018.
  • Trained 78 public health officers to initiate Community-Led Total Sanitation programs in their respective areas.
  • Facilitated the establishment of 12 farming demonstration sites to showcase low-cost methods for producing nutritious food and improved irrigation technologies that can significantly increase crop yields and raise incomes.
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