Indonesia—Urban Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (IUWASH, IUWASH PLUS)

Client: U.S. Agency for International Development

Duration: 2016-2022

Region: Asia and the Pacific

Country: Indonesia

Solutions: Environment Global Health

Better management of urban growth will be crucial to guarantee sustainable cities. It is not uncommon for citizens in and around Indonesia’s major cities for residents to spend up to two hours a day transporting expensive water to their homes for drinking and cooking. In addition, a lack of sewage and wastewater infrastructure in many densely populated, low-income areas leads to tainted ground and surface water, creating serious health risks from waterborne diseases.

USAID’s Indonesia Urban Water, Sanitation and Hygiene—Penyehatan Lingkungan untuk Semua, or Environmental Health for All—(IUWASH PLUS) project and its predecessor, IUWASH, have brought reliable water supply to more than 3 million people and safely managed sanitation services to more 600,000 city dwellers. The IUWASH PLUS team works with civil society groups and local governments to mobilize demand for improved drinking water and sanitation services, as well as to build the capacity of private businesses, utilities, and national-level programs to provide these services in a fair and sustainable fashion.IUWASH_image.jpg

Sample Activities

  • Engage local entrepreneurs in developing innovative WASH products and services through challenge competitions, such as designing affordable pressure sensors for leak detection or creating new urban septic waste removal services.
  • Engage women at each stage of WASH delivery, from latrine design and construction to gender-based planning and budgeting with government partners.
  • Work with business associations to build capacity and develop standard certifications for companies involved in water and sanitation services.
  • Support cooperatives, community credit organizations, and commercial banks in providing consumer and small business loans for WASH-related projects.
  • Support citizen engagement in the WASH sector through radio programming, civic forums, text message gateways, complaint hotlines, and social media, as well as designing a crowdsourcing platform to collect and display citizen feedback.

Select Results (IUWASH and IUWASH PLUS)

  • Brought reliable water supply to more than 3 million people and safely managed sanitation services to 230,000 city dwellers.
  • Improved sanitation facilities for more than 360,000 people.
  • Provided basic sanitation facilities to 27,500 poor people.
  • Reduced water costs for low-income households by 57 percent.
  • Built 3,700 infiltration ponds to recharge groundwater supply and mitigate the effects of climate change.
  • Strengthened the capacity of more than 60 local government institutions (water supply and wastewater operators) to serve vulnerable populations in 66 cities.
  • More than 183,000 people (37 percent of them women) have benefited from project training and capacity building activities.
  • More than $100 million funding has been leveraged from public budgets and private partnership investment to support water supply and sanitation services.


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