Afghanistan—Regional Afghan Municipalities Program for Urban Populations, Regional Command East (RAMP UP East)

Client: U.S. Agency for International Development

Duration: 2010-2014

Region: Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Country: Afghanistan

Solutions: Governance Fragile States

Afghan municipalities have long suffered from underinvestment, limited support, low revenues, and weak institutional capacity. As a result, services and infrastructure in municipalities are minimal. Of the total population of urban households, only 10 percent have piped water systems; 20 percent have consistent city power, and 14 percent lack any access to electricity. Inadequate sanitation services result in high rates of infant mortality.

RAMP UP East supports 14 provincial capitals. Its primary customers are municipal officials such as mayors, revenue officers, and engineers as well as the citizens who benefit from municipal services.

RAMP UP East helps municipalities implement projects through which local officials improve their capacity to deliver services and build satisfaction, trust, and support among citizens. All programming puts municipal officials in front and demonstrably in charge as they lead participatory planning processes and oversee implementation.

Sample Activities

  • Build capacity of Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan municipal officials.
  • Improve municipal service delivery.
  • Boost municipal capacity to enable, support, and sustain economic growth.

Select Results

  • Trained 260 officials from 13 municipalities in finance, public administration, revenue, business registration, public relations and outreach, construction management, public works maintenance, and anticorruption.
  • Implemented 30 key infrastructure and service delivery projects, including construction of sidewalks, rehabilitation of roads and drainage ditches, building of car parking lots, and collection of solid waste.
  • Automated line ministry budget preparation.
  • Developed standard operating procedures for Independent Directorate of Local Governance focused on improved service delivery.
  • Launched business licensing and fee-for-service for services to the private sector.
  • Introduced monthly citizen forums, municipal newsletters, infrastructure project opening and closing ceremonies, media interviews, and public awareness activities.
  • Trained 21 female engineers in quality assurance and employ 10 female engineers as interns with RAMP UP East central office.
  • Developed property register for a property tax, a linchpin of municipal financing.
  • Trained 80 municipal officials in gender sensitivity and mainstreaming, looking critically at gender and social relations, stereotypes, integration of gender analysis, and gender-responsive leadership and governance.


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