Democratic Republic of the Congo—Security Sector Accountability and Police Reform Programme (SSAPR)

Client: Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

Duration: 2009-2015

Region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Country: Decomcratic Republic of the Congo

Solutions: Fragile States

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has for decades been riven by war, corruption, and inadequate governance. Too often, the security and police forces have been part of the problem rather than the solution for the Congolese people, operating within a culture of impunity that perpetuates a cycle of violence, conflict, and criminality. If we are to help address poverty and establish democratic systems responsive to the needs of the DRC’s citizens, we must simultaneously address this fundamental issue of human security. SSAPR is working to improve the DRC’s capacity to provide security, safety, and justice for all. Specifically, it is tackling the “demand side” of the problem, working with citizens, government institutions, and elected representatives to ensure that the security and justice sectors are responsive and accountable to the people they are meant to serve.

Sample Activities

  • Support the national parliament and three provincial parliaments to improve their oversight of the security sector (including military and police) and justice agencies.
  • Work with civil society, researchers, and media to develop their understanding of the security and justice system so they can better represent the population.
  • Improve the effectiveness of civil society organizations to maximize their impact on policy makers and providers of security and justice services.
  • Help individuals and community groups in three pilot provinces create new relationships with the local security and justice institutions to improve local security.

Select Results

  • Helping to draft decree to establish a Local Security Committee.
  • Provided technical and logistical assistance to the drafting of the law on the national police force.
  • Helped create high school courses on security, justice, and community policing.
  • Supporting civil society organizations in their efforts to monitor security reform and security issues, including human rights violations, during the electoral period.
  • Funded civil society organizations for the monitoring of the first-ever police census.
  • Developed a communications strategy aimed at helping the media cover security issues more effectively, thereby better informing citizens.


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